Solastalgia is the pain experienced when there is recognition that the place where one resides and that one loves is under immediate assault . . . a form of homesickness one gets when one is still at ‘home’. The term and definition are Glenn Albrecht’s, a professor of Sustainability in Australia, who coined it in response to the many calls he was receiving from residents in an Australian village whose farming region was being taken over by the coal industry.
I was born in Utah, where a Canadian-based company plans to open the first large U.S. tar sands mine. The Tavaputs Plateau, the Book Cliffs, the Green River; these places are the many memories of my childhood. I have a love and reverence for the desert, passed down to me by my parents and kin who found a home and a deepened spirituality in this ‘desert solitaire’ .
What are not often named are the places outside of southern Utah that will be impacted if the tar sands mine project goes through. Because, what happens to the Green River happens to the Colorado River, which in turn happens to Lake Mead, and eventually the Gulf of California (due to damming, less than 1% of the Colorado River ever makes it to the sea). This project would contribute to local and global greenhouse gas emissions, in turn contributing to climate change. Like the pipelines and the materials they transport, the impacts from these projects are not bound by state borders. Last fall, it was announced that there was going to be a new pipeline running across the farmlands, public lands and assets, roadways and waterways of five states including Iowa – the legal address of the Science and Environmental Network and Executive Director, Carolyn Raffensperger’s home. While it is difficult to get accurate information on the Internet about just how many pipeline proposals for the U.S there are, one fact remains consistent: Pipelines spill.
A month after New York banned Fracking in the state, 40,000 gallons of oil spilled into the Yellowstone River. Only 548 (about 23,000 gallons) of the over 1,200 barrels have been recovered . This is one of thousands of fossil fuel industry related spills and other accidents that happen yearly. The U.S. oil and gas industry was responsible for at least 7,662 spills, blowouts and leaks in 2013, which averages to about 20 spills per day (not including Louisiana spills. That data was not made available by the state) . That is of the accidents reported. Nearly 300 oil spills and 750 ‘incidents’ in less than two years in North Dakota went unreported to the public . And there are thousands of oil and other toxic accidents happening around the world daily. The Niger Delta, has had a total of 6,817 oil spills between 1976 and 2001, with 3 million barrels of oil lost, 70% of which was not recovered .
The U.S. is beginning to experience some of the true costs of the extraction industry; impacts the U.S. has largely displaced onto communities in developing countries, indigenous communities, and communities here who are historically disenfranchised; communities of color and poor communities in the urban and rural ‘margins’. Projects persist because they are tucked away in places socially constructed to seem ‘invisible’. Only recently have we seen an upsurge in resistance here against projects like Fracking and landmark decision like the one to ban Fracking in New York; incredible, important organizing that ushered in more exposure and much needed conversation about fossil fuel development issues in the U.S. These efforts also remind us that Fracking has been alive and well in the U.S. for over 6 decades, with origins older than the petroleum industry.
There won’t be any Fracking in New York, and if President Obama follows through with his commitment, there will be no Keystone XL pipeline. While that is an incredible moment in the transition away from fossil fuels, it does not reduce the likelihood of development in other communities. Indeed, uncoordinated resistance could increase the burden by displacing it. There are little to no examples of oil spills being handled responsibly and justly, to say nothing of the time and money it takes to clean up what inadequate amount can be captured. People in positions of power and decision-making have a shamefully large amount of evidence to justify the rejection of fossil fuel industry projects in their communities. The question becomes, will communities have the information they need to resist because the industry as a whole is antiquated and harmful, or will they resist up until the project goes elsewhere?
“Life as we know it” has an incredibly short history (the birth of the oil industry occurred in the U.S. around 1901) and short staying power (many of these projects provide a relatively small number of jobs for only a handful of years). Our environmental issues have a much longer history, rooted in historical social and racial injustices, which, in an era of manifest destiny, are symptoms of historical economic injustices. “Life as we know it” today is that we know we’ve done virtually nothing in the U.S. to resist fossil fuel extraction in other places. It had to come home.
We also know that these projects are starting to impact more visible spaces. Acknowledging when and why we start to care about something is integral to shaping our organizing together and a path forward. Perhaps the most important thing we can do as citizenry is reposition our gaze so that both the future and the past remain in our periphery vision. As Wendell Berry put so well in his recent article in Yes! Magazine: “The evil of the day, as we know, enters into it from the past. And so the first right thing we must do today is to take thought of our history. We must act daily as critics of history so as to prevent, so far as we can, the evils of yesterday from infecting today.”
Our legacy can be altered by how we frame our opposition to these projects moving forward. We must organize like the pipeline pathways themselves: a transnational network, but one transporting information, community tools, and support; an interconnected grid transmitting history, legacy, and common cause to protect the things we share.
This work is so closely aligned with SEHN’s work to move new ideas and policies into mainstream conversation, protect the land, work with grassroots groups, and bring new community engagement tools to the table. Read on to learn more about SEHN’s new partnership and work with the Bakken Pipeline Resistance Coalition, and our incredible new board member Angie Carter. Read on to learn more in our March Networker!
Kaitlin Butler, Program Director
 “Desert Solitaire” is the tile of a book by Edward Abby (1968), and borrowed for its perfect description here.
 For updates on the Poplar pipeline oil spill in the Yellowstone River, visit: http://www.deq.mt.gov/yellowstonespill2015.mcpx
 Atkin, Emily, “America’s Oil and Gas Industry Averaged At Least 20 Spills Per Day in 2013”, Think Progress, May 13, 2014. Available online: http://thinkprogress.org/climate/2014/05/13/3437109/oil-spills-2013/
 Kroh, Kiley, “Nearly 300 Oil Spills Went Unreported In North Dakota In Less Than Two Years.” Think Progress, October 27, 2013. Available online: http://thinkprogress.org/climate/2013/10/27/2843021/oil-spills-unreported/
 For more on the Niger Delta spills visit: http://ccrjustice.org/learn-more/faqs/shell%2526%2523039%3Bs-environmental-devastation-nigeria
 From Yes! Magazine, “Wendell Berry on Climate Change: To Save the Future, Live in the Present”. In this selection from his new book, the poet and farmer Wendell Berry connects the dangers of the future to a failure to live fully in the here and now. March 23, 2015. Available online: http://www.yesmagazine.org/issues/together-with-earth/wendell-berry-climate-change-future-present